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Glossary of terms for users of the WTO Quantitative Restrictions Website
General information

The QR Glossary intends to provide support material for users of the QR website. It covers terms specific to the QR website, as well as terms applying to customs tariffs and international trade in goods. It was prepared by the Market Access Division Secretariat under its own responsibility and without prejudice to the positions of Members and to their rights and obligations under the WTO.

 

The glossary has been compiled from both Secretariat and external sources.  While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, the Secretariat accepts no responsibility for any errors or omissions in the material provided. In some instances, material from external sources has been changed slightly for editing purposes.

 

The term "country" in the glossary does not imply an expression of opinion by the WTO Secretariat concerning the status of any country, territory or area or the delimitation of its frontiers, or the rights and obligations of any WTO Member in respect of WTO agreements.


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Vienna Convention

Adopted in 1985 and entered into force on 22 Sep 1988. The objectives of the Convention were for Parties to promote cooperation by means of systematic observations, research and information exchange on the effects of human activities on the ozone layer and to adopt legislative or administrative measures against activities likely to have adverse effects on the ozone layer.



Voluntary export restraint (VER).
Arrangements made by government or industry of an exporting country to “voluntarily” limit exports in order to avoid imposition of mandatory restrictions   by the importing country.  Typically, VER is a result of requests made by the importing country to provide a measure of protection for its domestic businesses that produce substitute goods.

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